Read more about the article KGB: The Sword and the Shield episode 2
KGB The Sword and the Shield episode 2
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KGB: The Sword and the Shield episode 2

KGB: The Sword and the Shield episode 2: By August 1949, at least five years earlier than expected, the USSR became the world's second superpower, thanks to its spies who had stolen America's atomic secrets. But by March 1953, Stalin is dead and KGB chief, Beria, is executed later the same year. Nikita Kruschev tries to reduce the power of the security service, splitting it into several sections...but it doesn't last and, soon, the KGB is back.     In…

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Read more about the article KGB: The Sword and the Shield episode 1
KGB: The Sword and the Shield episode 1
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KGB: The Sword and the Shield episode 1

KGB: The Sword and the Shield episode 1: Cheka was the predecessor organization of the KGB, the notorious secret service of the Soviet Union. Founded in 1917, the Cheka's employees were tasked with tracking down unreliable government officials and anarchist forces. Set up as a 'temporary' measure by Lenin, millions of Soviet citizens would die at the hands of the secret services as internal dissent, real or imaginary, was crushed. An inglorious chapter is the spying during the "Great Terror"…

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Read more about the article Gulag – The Story episode 3
Gulag - The Story episode 3
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Gulag – The Story episode 3

Gulag - The Story episode 3: At the end of the 1950s, populations of the newly occupied territories of the East and intellectuals remained two categories particularly suspected of anti-Sovietism. Subjected to exhausting tasks like men, women, including many war widows condemned to heavy sentences for petty food pilfering, now represent a quarter of the zeks. Nearly 2 million detainees, many of them on the very edge of survival, are still crammed into the camps.     Little by little,…

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Read more about the article Gulag – The Story episode 2
Gulag - The Story episode 2
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  • Reading time:4 mins read

Gulag – The Story episode 2

Gulag - The Story episode 2: Glorified at the XVIIth Congress of the Communist Party, in 1934, Stalin launched major projects that would go down in history. The NKVD, which succeeded the GPU, multiplies the camps. The number of deportees passed the one million mark in 1935. A spectacular showcase for the great terror unleashed in 1937, the Moscow trials concealed the extent of the repression that blindly fell on all of Soviet society and anonymous people.     In…

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Read more about the article Gulag – The Story episode 1
Gulag - The Story episode 1
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  • Reading time:4 mins read

Gulag – The Story episode 1

Gulag - The Story episode 1: In 1918, only a few months after the October Revolution, the first concentration camps appeared. With the aim of getting rid of political adversaries and re-educating the so-called "asocial" elements through work, the new Bolshevik regime conducted its first large-scale experiment on the Solovki archipelago, very close to the Arctic Circle. Thousands of political and common law detainees, men and women, were deported there and subjected to forced labor. With the arrival of Stalin…

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